The project will be focused on Campylobacter jejuni and Salmonella spp. Since Campylobacteriosis and Salmonellosis are most common bacterial infectious diseases among the 5 most common infection diseases in Europe. In order to comply with demands of consumers for food free of pathogens, there is an increasing need for accurate, rapid, cheap and robust technologies for detecting pathogens (bacteria, virus) in animal production, in foods, and food products.
More than 200 known diseases are transmitted via foods or food products. In the United States, according to the Federal Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), food-borne diseases are responsible for 76 million cases of illness, 325.000 hospitalizations and 5.000 deaths annually ( http://www.cfsan.fda.gov - May 2007 ).
Food safety experts have identified 5 most common food born pathogens that are easy transmitted through food and cause severe illness: Campylobacter, Salmonella, Enterohemorrhagic or Shiga-toxin producing E. coli Norovirus and Hepatitis A virus. Among these food-born pathogens, according to the FoodNet, Campylobacteriosis, the disease caused by Campylobacter infection is the most commonly diagnosed bacterial cause of food-borne illness in the United States (24/04/2005).
In Europe, both campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis are also leading cause of bacterial infection within member states. In 2004, the incidence of salmonellosis new cases per 100.000 persons is reported to be 42.37 among 25 member states. The incidence was varies from country to country with highest incidence of 322.2 from the Czech Republic to the lowest of 3.3 cases from Romania ( http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu ).
The right balance between relevant, feasible and efficient research.
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